western extreme of the European Continent
Colares is the smallest region
producing still wines from Portugal
Colares has been connected to the wine for centuries, there are registers that wine was produced in this region since the Roman Empire. After, in 1230, the King D. Afonso III, as a landlord, demanded the plantation of vines.
Colares Wine-growing Region became well known by the end of the XIX century, most precisely in 1865, when the biggest threat of wine history arrived to Europe - Phylloxera. This tiny insect, original from the American Continent, was arriving to Europe alive when trips were shortened by the introduction of steam engines in boats. Colares' vineyards were resistant to phylloxera due to roots' deepness in the sand, 8 meters in some cases, where the insect could not reach.
Today everywhere in Europe, except in the sands of this region, the use of the American plant (resistant to the insect) was adopted, grafted with European grape varieties.